Publications

RESEARCH CONTEXT AND QUESTIONS

The teaching and learning of music in music studios around the world is undergoing significant change as students and their parents and teachers become increasingly familiar and adept with new information and communication technologies (ICT). Our Music Tool Suite project has undertaken an examination of this change by conducting national and international surveys of teachers, students and parents involved in studio music lessons. In 2014, we conducted a national survey of students, teachers, and parents involved in The Royal Conservatory’s examination system. In 2016, we expanded our research to look at students involved in conservatories and music schools in Canada, the UK, Ireland, the United States, and Australia. The results of these surveys have been shared through papers, conferences, and this website.

In addition, our research has focused on the development and distribution of a variety of digital tools to support students in their music study. Four distinct tools have been released: Cadenza, Notemaker, DREAM, and iSCORE.

Cadenza, an online dictation book released in April 2016, connects teachers and students by allowing them to plan and record practice sessions and practice times, and reflect on goals and learning strategies. It is available, without charge, at www.cadenzamusictool.caNotemaker, an iOS app (https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/notemaker-cadenza/id976330102?mt=8) released in December 2015, is an extremely effective tool for making real-time comments on video and audio recordings. DREAM (Digital Resource Exchange About Music, www.dreammusictool.ca) was released initially in September 2014 and re-released in 2015. It is designed to provide teachers easy access to digital resources related to music education, and studio instruction in particular, and works on any desktop, laptop, or mobile device. iSCORE, a web-based practice and communication tool, was released in 2012 and re-released in 2013. It is available in both English and French and is free of charge. We have also produced videos about these tools to help teachers and students implement them effectively at home and in the music studio. These videos can be accessed on our website or on our YouTube channel.

Our SSHRC-funded partnership (2011–2018) is composed of a team of researchers, studio teachers, curriculum developers, and software designers from Queen’s University, the Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP) at Concordia University, and The Royal Conservatory (The RCM). The RCM leaves the partnership on February 28, 2017. A few of the research questions are:

(a) What are the characteristics of the 21st century music studio, as experienced by students, teachers, and parents?

(b) In what ways can digital tools contribute to self-regulation strategies among students in music studios?

(d) In what ways do digital music tools contribute to the deepening of musical communities for learning?

The expected outcomes of the project are substantial. We expect to determine how these digital tools can enrich music learning. We also expect that the digitized nature of the approach will extend benefits to students across the country, from urban centres to rural and remote communities. And we expect that a richer music education will enhance the cultural and economic health of society.

 PUBLICATIONS

Some of the research below describes using ePEARL, the parent tool upon which iSCORE was based, in music studios. Our pilot work, leading up to the SSHRC PG project, included ePEARL projects in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Since then, we’ve examined how both ePEARL and iSCORE function in classrooms, music studios, and with teachers of piano and voice. More recent publications focus on the other tools developed in the Music Tool Suite, namely, DREAM, Notemaker, and Cadenza. Many of our publications are authored or co-authored by undergraduate, graduate, and post-doctoral students, and their names appear in bold in the lists below. Some of our publications are also authored or co-authored by members of our Advisory Board, and their names are indicated in italics.

Professional publications

De Grâce, N. (2016). iSCORE: An ePortfolio in music for the benefit of students! Profweb.ca, Nov. 7. 

Ferretti, J. (2016). DREAM: A digital wonderland for teachers. Notes Magazine (Ontario Registered Music Teachers’ Association), Spring 2016, 11.

Compeau, J. (2015). Technology top ten. Notes Magazine (Ontario Registered Music Teachers’ Association), Fall 2015, 24.

Brook, J. (2015, May). How mobile devices can help students practise ear training. The Canadian Music Teacher, 65(3), 38.

Lau, E. (2015, January). Using recordings to enhance the study of repertoire: The DREAM website. The Canadian Music Teacher, 65(2), 34.

Brook, J. (2014, September). A new “DREAM” resource for Teachers. The Canadian Music Teacher, 65(1), 38.

Contact North (2014). iSCORE, DREAM, and The Annotator App – A Suite of Digital Tools for Music Education.

Brook, J., & Ferretti, J. (2014). ABCs of Mobile Devices. The Canadian Music Teacher, 64(2), 30–31.

Upitis, R. (2014). As if it could be otherwise: A tribute to Maxine Greene, December 23, 1917 – May 29, 2014. Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies, 12(1), 5–9.

Peer-reviewed publications (papers, chapters, conference proceedings)

Upitis, R., Boese, K., & Abrami, P. C. (2017). Student experiences with a digital tool for music practising and learning. The European Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences. doi:10.15405/ejsbs.224

Upitis, R. (in press). Music and the arts: As ubiquitous and fundamental as the air we breathe. In G. E. McPherson & G. F. Welch (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Music Education, 2nd ed. (Vol. 1). London: Oxford University Press.

Upitis, R. (2017). Slow music. In S. A. Ruthmann & R. Mantie (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Technology and Music Education (pp. 71–80). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Upitis, R. (2017). Using a whole-music approach creatively. In P. Burnard & R. Murphy (Eds.), Teaching music creatively, 2nd ed. (pp. 159–169). London, UK: Routledge.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Varela, W., King, M., & Brook, J. (2016). Student experiences with studio instruction. Music Education Research, 19(4), 410–437. doi: 10.1080/14613808.2016.1202221. Published online July 12, 2016.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Boese, K., & King, M. (2017). Characteristics of independent music teachersMusic Education Research, 19(2), 169–194. doi: 10.1080/14613808.2016.1204277. Published online July 17, 2016. 

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., & King, M. (2017). Parental involvement in children’s independent music lessons. Music Education Research, 19(1), 74–98.  doi: 10.1080/14613808.2016.1202220. Published online July 13, 2016.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., & Boese, K. (2017). Field-testing a digital music notebook [abstract]. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Conference Proceedings, 19(4), Part XII, 1090.

Upitis, R., & Abrami, P. C. (2017). Cadenza: An online tool for transforming music learning. The European Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 18(1), 2261–2270. 

Brook, J., Upitis, R., & Varela, W. (2017). Informal music-making in studio music instruction: A Canadian case study. British Journal of Music Education. doi: 10.1017/S0265051716000450. Published online March 28, 2017.

Upitis, R., & Brook, J. (2017). How much professional development is enough? Meeting the needs of independent music teachers learning to use a digital tool. International Journal of Music Education, 35(1), 93–106. doi:10.1177/0255761415619426. Published online December 8, 2015.

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2016). Cadenza: An online tool for transforming music learning7th International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY) Abstract Book and Scientific Program, eISSN: 1986-3020.

Brook, J., Upitis, R., Troop, M. (2016). Developing responsive curricula for studio music instruction. Problems in Music Pedagogy, 15(1), 7–21.

Upitis, R, Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Varela, W., & Boese, K. (2016). Student, parent, and teacher perspectives on studio music instruction. In G. B. Palheiros (Ed.), Proceedings of the 26th International Seminar of the ISME Commission on Research, 290–303.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., & Boese, K. (2016). The use of digital tools by independent music teachers. In I. A. Sanchez & P. Isaias (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Mobile Learning 2016, 108–112. 

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2015). Developing tools for music education in the digital age: the evidence-based evolution of the Music Tool Suite. In IATED (Ed.), ICERI 2015: 8th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation Conference Proceedings, 5112–5121. 

Upitis, R., Boese, K., Abrami, P. C., & Anwar, Z. (2015). Digital Resource Exchange About Music (DREAM): Phase 2 usability testing. In M.B. Nunes & M. Mcpherson (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference e-Learning, 151–156. 

Upitis, R., Brook, J., Abrami, P. C., & Varela, W. (2015). Exploring the studio music practices of independent music teachers. Canadian Music Educator, 56(4), 4–12.

Brook, J. & Upitis, R. (2015). Can an online tool support contemporary independent music teaching and learning? Music Education Research, 17, 34–47. doi: 10.1080/14613808.2014.969217

Warwick, E. (2015). An observation tool for self-regulatory events in music teaching (T-SREM): Development and testing of a video coding tool for music lessons (Unpublished master’s thesis). Concordia University, Montreal.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Pickup, D., & Johnson, L. (2015). Usability testing for DREAM. In Bekirogullari, Z. (Ed.), Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 543–552.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Pickup, D., & Johnson, L. (2015). Digital Resource Exchange About Music (DREAM): Usability testing results. European Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences (EJSBS), 13(2). ISSN 2301-2218.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., Abrami, P. C., & Varela, W. (2014). Independent music teaching in the 21st century: What teachers tell us about pedagogy and the profession. In O. Odena & S. Figueiredo (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th International Seminar of the International Society for Music Education (ISME) Commission on Research, 219–315.

Varela, W., Abrami, P. C., & Upitis, R. (2014). Self-Regulation and Music Learning: A Systematic Review. Psychology of Music. doi: 10.1177/0305735614554639

Upitis, R. (2014). Transforming independent music teaching with digital tools. In S. O. O’Neill (Series Ed. & Vol. Ed.), Research to Practice: Vol. 6. Music and media infused lives: Music education in a digital age (pp. 89–106). Waterloo, ON: Canadian Music Educators’ Association.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C. (2014). Enhancing music learning with digital tools: A case study of a student using iSCORE. Journal of Literature and Arts Studies, 4, 489–497. doi: 10.17265/2159-5836/2014.06.008

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2014). Enhancing music learning with digital tools. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities, 267–283. ISSN 1541-5899.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami. P. C. (2014). Enhancing music learning with digital tools: A case study of a student using iSCORE. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Hawaii Conference in Education, 697–712. ISSN 1541-5880.

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2013). Towards developing independent musicians. Proceedings of the Ireland International Conference on Education, 67–72. ISBN 978-1-908320-20-9.

Upitis, R., Varela, W., & Abrami, P. C. (2013). Enriching the time between music lessons with a digital learning portfolio. Canadian Music Educator, 54(4), 22–28.

Upitis, R. (2013). Using a whole-music approach creatively. In P. Burnard & R. Murphy (Eds.). Teaching music creatively (pp. 153–163). London: Routledge.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., &  Brook, J. (2012). Providing Effective Professional Development for Users of an Online Music Education Tool [abstract]. Proceedings from the 5th International Conference of Education, Research, and Innovation, 2489–2497. ISBN: 978-84-616-0763-1

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Troop, M., & Varela, W. (2012). Learning to play a musical instrument with a digital portfolio tool. Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 9, 1–15. ISSN: 1941-3394.

Upitis, R. (2012). Music and the arts: As ubiquitous and fundamental as the air we breathe. In G. E. McPherson & G. F. Welch (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Music Education, (Vol. 2pp. 689–693). London: Oxford University Press.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., Abrami, P. C., Varela, W., & Elster, A. (2012). Revitalizing studio music learning through digital portfolios. Proceedings from the Twenty-fourth International Seminar on Research in Music Education, 239–246.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Troop, M., & Catalano, L. (2010). Using ePEARL for music teaching: A case study. In G. Pérez-Bustamante, K. Physavat, & F. Ferreria (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Association for Scientific Knowledge Conference, 36–45.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., & Patteson, A. (2010). Developing ecological habits of mind: Approaching environmental issues through electronic portfolios and the arts. Journal of the Canadian Association of Curriculum Studies, 8(1), 68–98.

Upitis, R., Patteson, A., & Abrami, P. (2010). E-learning, ecology, and an arts education institutional partnership. Proceedings of the Canada International Conference on Education (CICE), 225–230.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. & Patteson, A. (2009).  Using Electronic Portfolios to Learn About Ecology Through the Arts. In B. White, P. Isaias, & M. Baptista Nunes (Eds.) Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference WWW/Internet, Vol 2, 41–47. ISBN: 978-972-8924-93-5.

Papers presented at conferences and public talks

Upitis, R., Boese, K., & Abrami, P. C. (2017, October). Student experiences with a digital tool for music practising and learning. Paper  presented at ICEEPSY 2017: 8th International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology, Porto, Portugal.

Upitis, R. (2018, January). Using Cadenza to motivate music students to practice between lessons. Queen’s Conference on Education 2018,  Ottawa, Ontario.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., & Boese, K. (2017, April). Field-testing a digital notebook. Paper presented at the 19th International Conference on Advanced Teaching Instructions, Paris, France.

Upitis, R. (2017, April). Play first, write later. Keynote address at the Composing in the Classroom: Models and Designs for the Creative Music Teacher Symposium, Bienen School of Music, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Upitis, R. (2017, January). Curious Piano Teachers webinar, 

Compeau, J. (2016, November). DREAM website and tools from Musical Education in the Digital Age. Paper presented at the 2016 Suzuki Association of Ontario Conference,  Ottawa, Ontario.

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2016, October). Cadenza: An online tool for transforming music learning. Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY), Rhodes, Greece.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Varela, W., & Boese, K. (2016, July). What do Canadian students, parents, and teachers tell us about music learning? Poster presented at the ISME World Conference, Glasgow, Scotland.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Varela, W., & Boese, K. (2016, July). Student, parent, and teacher perspectives on studio music instruction. Paper presented at the 26th ISME Pre-Conference Seminar on Research in Music Education, London, UK.

De Grace, N. & Bousqet, G. (2016, June). Le portfolio numérique iSCORE pour améliorer l’évaluation des compétences en musique. Paper presented at the Association québécoise de pédagogie collégiale symposium, June 8–10, 2016, Quebec City, PQ.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., & Boese, K. (2016, April). The use of digital tools by independent music teachers. Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Mobile Learning 2016, Vilamoura, Portugal.

Upitis, R. (2016, March). Developing tools for music education in the digital age: the evidence-based evolution of the Music Tool Suite. Public talk presented at the Faculty of Education, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON.

Upitis, R. & Abrami, P. C. (2015, November). Developing tools for music education in the digital age: the evidence-based evolution of the Music Tool Suite. Paper presented at the 8th annual International Conference of Education, Research, and Innovation, Seville, Spain.

Upitis, R., Boese, K., Abrami, P. C., & Anwar, Z. (2015, July). Digital Resource Exchange About Music (DREAM): Phase 2 usability testing. Paper presented at the 9th International Conference on e-Learning, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Upitis, R., Boese, K., & Abrami, P. C. (2015, July). Demonstrating DREAM: A Digital Resource Exchange About Music. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference on e-Learning, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Compeau, J. (2015, July). DREAM: Navigating and maximizing digital music resources. Paper presented at the Canadian Federation of Music Teachers Association (CFMTA) Conference, Vancouver, BC.

Brook, J., Boese, K., Upitis, R, & Manson, S. (2015, June). Growing alone: Examining professional development for independent music teachers. Paper presented at CSSE Conference, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON.

Manson, S., Brook, J., Upitis, R., & Boese, K. (2015, June). Inspiring artistry in music instruction. Paper presented at CSSE Conference, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON.

Upitis, R. (2015, March). DREAM: An introduction. Paper presented at the Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia.

Brook, J. (2015, January). Characteristics of contemporary Canadian private music studios. Colloquium presented at the School of Music, Queen’s University.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Elster, A., & Weingart, P. (2014, November). Artistic co-creation with digital tools. Paper presented at the World Education Research Association (WERA) Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Pickup, D., & Johnson, L. (2014, October). Digital Resource Exchange About Music (DREAM): Usability testing results. Paper presented at the International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology, Kyrenia, Cyprus.

Litterst, G., Kirk, S., Ajero, M., Branzburg Sick, S., Upitis, R., Lopinski, J. (2014, July). Perspectives on 21st century music making. In G. Litterst (Chair), Perspectives on 21st century music making. Plenary Session conducted at the The Royal Conservatory Summer Summit, Toronto.

Saario, H. & Johnson, L. DREAM: Find the App you really need. Presented at The Royal Conservatory Summer Summit: Inspired teaching with technology, Toronto, July 13, 2014.

Wade, A. & Compeau, J. Using iSCORE to build a bridge between lessons. Presented at The Royal Conservatory Summer Summit: Inspired teaching with technology, Toronto, July 12, 2014.

Brook, J., Upitis, R., Troop, M., Varela, W., & Abrami, P. C. (2014, July). Considering the Commonplaces: Developing Responsive Curricula in Studio Instruction. Paper presented at the ISME (International Society for Music Education) World Conference, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C., & Varela, W. (2014, July). Independent music teaching in the 21st century: What teachers tell us about pedagogy and the profession. Paper presented at the ISME (International Society for Music Education) World Conference, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C., & Varela, W. (2014, July). Independent music teaching in the 21st century: What teachers tell us about pedagogy and the profession. Paper presented at ISME (International Society for Music Education) Commission for Research in Music Education, 25th International Seminar, Joao Pessoa, Brazil.

Beaudoin, A-J., Braidy, N., De Grace, N., Milot, R., et St-Louise, M. (2014, April). Rencontres éclair pédagogiques. Colloque sur les innovations pédagogiques en enseignement supérieur (CiPES), Université de Sherbrooke. [One of the presenters, Nathalie De Grace, is an iSCORE teacher and she presented her work on iSCORE with CEGEP students at this conference.]

Brook, J., Varela, W., Boese, K., Upitis, R., & Abrami, P. C. (2014, May). Examining how self-regulatory dimensions affect students’ music practice habits. Paper presented at the Canadian Society for the Study of Education Annual Conference, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON.

Brook, J., Varela, W., Upitis, R., & Manson, S., & Abrami, P. C. (2014, May). Informal music making in studio music instruction: A Canadian Case Study. Paper presented at the Canadian Society for the Study of Education Annual Conference, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON.

Abrami, P. C., Upitis, R., & Elster, A.  (2014, February). Transforming music education with digital tools: iSCORE and DREAM. Paper presented at the LTTA Congress, University of Wurzberg.

Upitis, R. (2014, February). Why the arts matter. Keynote presentation, LTTA Congress, University of Wurzberg.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C. (2014, January). Enhancing music learning with digital tools: A case study of a student using iSCORE. Paper presented at HICE (Hawaii International Conference on Education), Honolulu, January, 2014.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C. (2014, January). Enhancing music learning with digital tools. Paper presented at HICAH (Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities), Honolulu, January, 2014.

Upitis, R., & Abrami, P. C. (2013, October). Towards developing independent musicians. Paper presented at IICE (Ireland International Conference on Education), Dublin, Ireland.

Upitis, R. (2013, October). Why music and technology matter. Paper presented at the Lifelong Kindergarten Lab, Media Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.

Brook, J., Ferretti, J., & Lau, E. (2013, July). iSCORE and the Digital Studio: Where do I start? Paper presented at CFMTA Conference, Halifax, NS.

Brook, J., & Ferretti, J. (2014) ABCs of mobile devices. Paper presented at CFMTA Conference, Halifax, NS, July 2013.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C. (2013, April). iSCORE: A web-based tool for music learning. Paper presented at AERA, San Francisco.

Upitis, R. (2013, April ). Life in 2030. COU Research Matters Series. Regent Theatre, Oshawa, ON (and webcast).

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Varela, W., & Elster, A. (2013, January). iSCORE: A web-based tool for enhancing self-regulation in music learning. Paper presented at 11th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., & Abrami, P. C. (2012, November).  iSCORE: Providing Effective Professional Development for Users of an Online Music Education Tool. Paper presented at the International Association of Technology, Education, and Development (IATED) Conference, Madrid, Spain.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., Abrami, P. C., Varela, W., & Elster, A. (2012 July). Revitalizing studio music learning through iSCORE. Poster presented at the International Society for Music Education, Bi-Annual World Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Upitis, R., Brook, J., Abrami, P. C., Varela, W., & Elster, A. (2012, July). Revitalizing studio music learning through digital portfolios. Paper presented at the Research Commission of the International Society for Music Education Bi-Annual World Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Elster, A., Varela, W., & Brook, J. (2012, April). On the importance of self-regulation in learning to play a musical instrument: A theoretical basis for designing iSCORE, a digital tool for music learning. Paper presented at the International Organization of Social Sciences and Behavioral Research Spring 2012 International Conference, Atlantic City.

Upitis, R. (2012, February). Learning to play a musical instrument with the support of a web-based portfolio tool. Paper presented at the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P. C., Brook, J., Troop, M., & Varela, W. (2012, January). Learning to Play an Instrument by Enhancing Self-Regulatory Skills with Digital Portfolios. Paper presented at the Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities, Honolulu.

Troop, M., Brook, J., & Upitis, R. (2011, June). Enhancing the Music Studio Community and Self-Regulated Learning Through the Use of Electronic Portfolios. Paper presented at the Leading Music Education International Conference, University of Western Ontario, London.

Brook, J., Troop, M., & Upitis, R. (2011, April). Developing Self-Regulatory Skills in Learning to Play an Instrument. Paper presented at the Research in Music Education Conference, Exeter, UK.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P., Brook, J., Troop, M., & Catalano, L. (2010, November). Using ePEARL for music teaching: A case study. Paper presented at the International Association for Scientific Knowledge Conference, Seville, Spain.

Upitis, R., Abrami, P., & Patteson, A. (2009, November). Using electronic portfolios to learn about ecology through the arts. Paper presented at the International Association for Development of the Information Society WWW/Internet Conference, Rome, Italy.